Nosebleeds occur for several reasons, including common causes like trauma or dehydration, additionally to other causes associated with health problems that require medical follow-up, and in some cases nose bleeds pose a health risk, so you ought to consult your doctor to seek out out the explanations .
There are two sorts of nose bleeding, anterior bleeding that happens when the blood vessels burst at the front of the nose, and posterior hemorrhage that causes blood to flow down the throat, and this sort is dangerous to health.
Causes of sudden nosebleeds
Bleeding can occur as a results of a trauma to the nose, which is common and doesn’t cause anxiety. In other cases, the nosebleeds are caused by other causes associated with health problems, namely:
1- Dry air
Inhaling dry air results in nosebleeds, since being during a dry climate and using heating devices can affect the tissues of the nose and blood vessels.
There are other causes for nasal membranes to dry out, like taking antihistamines or decongestants when allergic or sinus infections are involved.
Also, the acute weather can cause nosebleeds.
Another explanation for sudden nasal bleeding is allergy to inhalation of certain substances, like detergents and products containing harmful chemical compounds.
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3- Repeated sneezing
During influenza and colds, some accompanying symptoms like sneezing and runny nose appear, which increases your chances of bleeding.
High vital sign : within the event of high blood pressure, posterior nosebleeds can occur, as a results of vital sign on the skinny blood vessels and bleeding.
4- Take some medications
In the event of a ill health that needs taking blood thinners and preventing blood clots, it always leads to profuse nosebleeds, also as aspirin and anti inflammatory drugs.
5- Genetic factors
It is a rare condition called hereditary haemorrhagic dilatation of the capillaries, and it affects blood vessels, and recurrent nasal bleeding is one among its main symptoms.
The risk of sudden nosebleeds
Nosebleeds can cause diseases like anemia and therefore the resulting health problems.
Nosebleeds also can cause injury to the lungs, which results in a grume and thus bacteria reaching the brain and stroke.
Cases requiring a physician visit
There are some cases of nosebleeds that need a visit to a doctor immediately:
Swallowing blood: it’s difficult to urge obviate posterior nosebleeds, unlike front hemorrhages that begin of the nose, and thus swallowed, causing serious complications.
Bleeding doesn’t stop: it’s normal for the bleeding to last for a couple of minutes, but if it continues for quite 20 minutes, this suggests that there’s a drag that needs consulting a doctor.
Other accompanying symptoms like palpitations, paleness and shortness of breath.
Excessive bleeding: If the bleeding is abundant and results in tons of blood loss, see a doctor.
Age: it’s advised to ascertain a doctor if bleeding occurs during a child but two years old.
Treatment of sudden nosebleeds
Treatment for nosebleeds varies consistent with the sort and explanation for this bleeding, because it is straightforward to treat anterior nosebleed reception with some steps, including:
Stay away from stress: where stress and anxiety cause excessive bleeding.
Squeeze the nose: after bending the top forward, in order that the blood isn’t swallowed.
After that, the flexible a part of the nose should be pressed for 10 minutes to assist stop the bleeding, and you ought to refrain from breathing from the nose completely, and while doing this procedure you’ll breathe from the mouth.
Cold compresses: Cold compresses are recommended to be used on the nose to assist close small blood vessels and stop bleeding.
If the bleeding is from the rear , it’s best to travel to the doctor in order that the matter doesn’t worsen .
Ways to stop sudden nosebleeds
Some methods help to stop sudden nosebleeds, and are:
Keeping the nose moisture from the inside: because the dryness of the nose results in bleeding.
The nose are often moistened with a bit of cotton that contains petrolatum , and wipe the within of the nose 3 times daily.
Avoid smoking: smoking can dry out and irritate the nose.
Not rubbing the nose too hard: Not inserting the fingers into the nose, as this results in a skinny wound within the blood vessels.
Clipping nails regularly: especially in young children, in order that they don’t cut their nose and cause bleeding.
Do not use allergy medications except with a doctor’s prescription: as these medications cause dryness of the nose and bleeding.